Sustainable photovoltaics

For photovoltaics to be sustainable, the design and production of PV modules must:

  • avoid or minimize the use of scarce materials
  • minimize the use of conventional electricity, and maximize the use of renewable electricity in the production
  • encourage recycling and re-use of components and materials from PV systems at their end of lifetime (“cradle to cradle”-approach)
  • ensure social sustainability (e.g. fair work conditions) for the production and recycling of PV systems

The “Interesting links” page shows you directions to more information on these topics.

This website is created by the CU-PV project. The CU-PV project is a collaborative research project, co-funded by the European Union, which aims to improve sustainability of PV in 3 key areas:

  • consumption of silver for the production of PV modules
  • consumption of energy for the production of PV modules
  • recycling of PV modules

Get more information on the project and its actors at "CU-PV project" and watch our project video at "Publications & video".